A New Segment: Pinoy Heroes The Introduction

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Philippine Heroes

To further clarify the divisions of the different facts and trivia in this blog, the author decided to create a new segment in which he would like to call Pinoy Heroes. In this new segment, there will be a discussion on the different facts and information about the lives of a Philippine hero, the author would like tofeature. This segment would introduce the different Heroes of the Philippines to the world. It would also show what the history of the Philippines have gone through and what did the heroes of our nation has done for their beloved country.

Hoping you would enjoy and gain more knowledge in the new segment.

Pinoy Fact # 3 – Colonization and Occupation

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Philippine Colonization and Occupation

The Philippines has gone through different colonization and occupations from other countries. The first to colonize the Philippines is Spain. The next is the United States of America and finally the Japanese occupation occurred.

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Spanish Period

The Spanish colonization began in 1521 when the European explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived at the islands of the Philippines during his expedition. Magellan failed to take the ownership of the country but  the Spaniards continue send expeditions to try and colonize the country. In 1543, they named the islands of Leyte and Samar as Las Islas Filipinas after the Philip II of Spain who is to be crowned King of Spain in 1556. In 1565, Spain successfully started to colonize the Philippines by having a blood compact with the Rajahs of Bohol.  The Spanish colonization ended on 1898.

The Spanish colonization had many influences towards the country’s land and culture. The Spaniards where the ones who made Manila as the capital of the country and they also renamed it to Manila. Aside from Manila, there are many other provinces, cities and towns in the Philippines that has been renamed to Spanish names and some of them are named using the Spanish orthography. Most of the Filipino surnames are Spanish names and Spanish-sounding. Many words of the Filipino languages are loaned from the Spanish language and the some of the Spanish grammatical concepts are used in the Filipino grammar.

The Spanish colonization introduced the concept of Roman Catholic religion in the Philippines and most of the Filipinos today have Roman Catholic religion. Most of the customs and tradition in the Festivities of the Filipinos are influenced by Spanish-Mexican culture. The holidays like New Years Day, Holy Week, All Souls Day, All Saints Day, and Christmas are celebrated today and was introduced by the Christian religion influenced by the Spanish colonization.

The Spanish colonization also influenced the cuisine, arts, literature and music of the Philippines.

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - American Perdiod

In 1898, the Philippines together with the United States won the war against the Spanish rule. This ended the Spanish Colonization over the Philippines. The Philippines thought that the United States helped them to attain the Philippine independence but the United States would not support the Philippines to have their own declaration of independence. The two countries’ relationship began to deteriorate and it became clear that the Americans are in the country to stay. The American rule lasted from 1898 to 1946.

The American Colonization left many influences on the current government, lifestyle and culture of the Philippines. The Americans influenced the use of partisan politics in our government. Partisan politics is having the political parties in the government or the group that supports each other politically. The Americans also influenced the economy and livelihood of the Filipinos by imposing the Filipinos to free trade relations.

The Filipinos also adopt the fashion, arts, cuisine and lifestyle of the Americans. They influenced the Filipinos in use of hats, long sleeved clothes, rubber shoes and others fashion statements. The music and film industry of the Philippines today is mostly adopted or is influenced from American music and film industries. They also introduced different foods to the Filipinos like spaghetti, burgers and others. They also influenced different sports and games like basketball.

The Americans also taught the Filipinos the English language. Most schools these days teaches both the Filipino and English languages. Most of the children of the 20th century in the Philippines have American or English first names mixed with Spanish names.

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Japanese Occupation

The Japanese occupation is a period in the Philippine history that happened during the World War II when the Philippines is still occupied by the United States. The Japanese launched a surprise attack at the American’s Clark Air Base in Pampanga ten hours after they attacked the Pearl Harbor. During that time the Philippines is being used by the United States as the  military base in Asia. The Americans where forced to leave the Philippines and the Japanese established a new government structure in the country. The Japanese occupied the Philippines from 1942 until 1945 when the war was ended.

During the Japanese occupation the Philippines experienced what many conquered countries experienced. They experienced forced educational programs, forced labor, monetary changes, executions, and oaths of loyalty to the new regime. The Filipinos are force to study Japanese culture and it was made compulsory  in schools. The Japanese controlled the industries, factories and food production in the Philippines. As the war ended, the Philippines gained its own independence.

Pinoy Trivia # 6 – Puerto Princesa Underground River

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park

The longest underground river system in the world that is accessible to mankind is found in the Philippines. It is located in Puerto Princesa Subterranean  River National Park in the city of Puerto Princesa, Palawan.  The park is also known as Puerto Princesa Underground River., St. Paul Underground River, and St. Paul’s Subterranean River National Park.

The underground river contains second floor, which leads to small waterfalls inside the cave. It also has cave dome that measures 300 meters above the underground river. It also has different and interesting rock formations,  a deep water hole, many river channels, large bats, marine creatures, and more. Deeper areas of the river are almost impossible to explore due to the lack of oxygen. The river is estimated  to be more than 24 km and has a 8.2-kilometer-long underground section of Cabayugan River.

Pinoy Trivia # 5 – Quezón and Osmeña

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina

Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Sergio Osmeña y Suico

Sergio Osmeña y Suico

Manuel L. Quezón and Sergio Osmeña, Sr. have many similarities in their life.

Both Manuel L. Quezón and Sergio Osmeña, Sr became the president of the Philippines. Manuel L. Quezón served as President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. Sergio Osmeña, Sr served as the President of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946.

They were both born in the year 1878. Manuel L. Quezón was born on August 19, 1878. Sergio Osmeña Sr, was born on September 9, 1878.

They both studied in the same high school and university. They first met each other in Collegio de San Juan de Letran where they graduated secondary education. They both took up law in the University of Santo Thomas.

They also both passed the bar exam on the same year. They were both in the top 10 of the 1903 bar exams. Manuel L. Quezón ranked 4th highest overall while Sergio Osmeña Sr, ranked 2nd highest overall.

Pinoy Trivia # 4 – Linggo

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Days of a week in Filipino

Days of a week in Filipino

Linggo(Sunday) is the only day of a week in the Philippines that is not a Spanish word. The days of a week in Filipino are Lunes(Monday), Martes(Tuesday), Miyerkules(Wednesday), Huwebes(Thursday), Biyernes(Friday), Sabado(Saturday) and Linggo(Sunday). 

Linggo was derived from the Malay word Minggu which also means Sunday. And Minggu was derived from the Portuguese word domingo which also means Sunday. Domigo is also used by Spain to call their Sunday. 

Lunes in Filipino came from the Spanish word lunes. Martes came from the Spanish word martes. Miyerkules came from the Spanish word miércoles. Huwebes came from the Spanish word jueves. Biyernes came from the Spanish word viernes. And Sabado came from the Spanish word sábado.

Pinoy Trivia # 3 – Filipinas

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - 1868 Coin

Philippine 1868 Four Peso Coin

The word Filipinas first appeared in coins. The first Philippine coins with the word Filipinas were first produced during the Spanish rule from 1861 to 1868. The denominations are 1, 2, and 4 pesos. They were gold and silver coins.

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Filipinas

1897 One Peso Coin Front

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Filipinas

1897 One Peso Coin Back

In 1897, the word ‘Islas Filipinas’ first appeared on the back of the 1 peso coin. The estimated number of production for this coin is 6 million. It is the very last coin issued by Spain in the Philippines.

Pinoy Fact # 2 – Philippine Government

Pinoy Facts and Trivia - Philippine Government

The Philippine government is a  democratic unitary state where the President is both the head of the state and the head of the government. The President is only allowed to serve 1 term with 6 years of service in the office.

The power of the government is divided independently on three main branches. The branches are the Executive Department, Legislative Department and the Judicial Department.

The Executive Department is headed by the President. It is responsible for the execution and administration of country’s laws. It sets the direction of the national policy. In here, the President assigns his cabinet members with the following positions:

Executive Secretary
Dept. of Foreign Affairs Secretary
Dept. of Agriculture Secretary
Dept. of Budget and Management Secretary
Dept. of Education Secretary
Dept. of Energy Secretary
Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources Secretary
Dept. of Finance Secretary
Dept. of Health Secretary
Dept. of Interior and Local Government Secretary
Dept. of Justice Secretary
Dept. of Labor and Employment Secretary
Dept. of Agrarian Reform Secretary
Dept. of National Defense Secretary
Dept. of Public Works and Highways Secretary
Dept. of Science and Technology Secretary
Dept. of Social Welfare and Development Secretary
Dept. of Tourism Secretary
Dept. of Trade and Industry Secretary
Dept. of Transportation and Communication Secretary
National Economic and Development Authority Director General
Commissioner of the Bureau of Internal Revenue
Chairman of Commission on Higher Education
Presidential Legal Counsel
Presidential Spokesman
Presidential Management Staff Chief
Presidential Adviser on Peace Process

The Legislative Department is headed by the Philippine Congress. The Philippine Congress is consisted of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is the upper house which is consisted of the Senate President and 23 Senators and the House of Representatives is the lower house which is consisted of  Speaker of the House and many Congressmen. The Legislative Department is responsible for the making, the deliberation, the enactment, the amendment and the repealing of laws.

The Judicial Department is headed by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The Supreme Court of the Philippines is consisted of the Chief Justice and 14 Associate Judges. The Judicial Department is responsible for the power to apply the laws to contest or to dispute concerning the legally recognized rights. It is entails the settling of legal controversies and the determining of grave abuse of discretion amounting to lack or excess of jurisdiction by any branch of the government. The judicial power is given to the Supreme Court and the lower courts established by the law. Other courts established by the law are the following:

Lower Collegiate Courts:

  • Court of Appeals
  • Court of Tax Appeals
  • Sandiganbayan

Regular Courts:

  • Court of Appeals
  • Regional Trial Courts
  • Metropolitan Trial Courts
  • Municipal Trial Courts
  • Municipal Trial Circuit Courts

Muslim Courts

  • Shaira District Courts
  • Shaira Circuit Courts